Computer Assisted Biofeedback


Dr. Bernard Brucker

Professor in the Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, and Radiology at the University of Miami-School of Medicine, Director of the Biofeedback Laboratory at University of Miami School of Medicine/Miami Jewish Home & Hospital.

 

Abstract:

Computer Assisted Biofeedback:

ˇ           How it is done

ˇ           Animal studies

ˇ           Physiological effects

ˇ           Role in Augmenting Neuroplasticity

ˇ           Application in Stroke, head Injury, CP, etc

 

Neuroplasticity: Implications for Long Term Recovery after CNS Damage

Recent findings from the neurosciences have shown that CNS cell damage occurring from trauma or disease has the capability of long term repair, such as axonal growth and re-myelinization. Further, both dendrite and axonal sprouting have been known to occur after damage, although it still remains apparent that cell death results in the absence of CNS tissue due to the inability for regeneration of new CNS cells. Individuals who suffer CNS damage have been known to regain some if not a substantial amount of function clinically although the time of recovery does appear to be limited to about one year post damage. As such, the clinical field assumes that all the repair and alternate cell use of the CNS occurs within that time. However, it has been shown that behavioral techniques, especially those using an operant conditioning based learning paradigm applied to specific learned control of motor neuron responses can result in significantly more efficient use of remaining and repairing cellsí structures with a substantial improvement in function which would not otherwise occur.

This presentation will discuss the recent findings related to cell repair and demonstrate how specific operant conditioning techniques, designed to increase voluntary control of motor neuron responses, can result in significantly greater use of CNS tissue regardless of the time since damage and its associated clinical effect.

 

Dr. Bernard S. Brucker, Ph.D, Abpp

Associate Professor, University of Miami School of Medicine Director, Biofeedback Laboratory Miami Jewish Home and Hospital